On April 16, 1972, the Apollo 16 mission blasted off from Cape Canaveral on a journey to the Moon. Astronauts John Young, Charlie Duke, and Ken Mattingly went on the penultimate adventure of the Apollo program with a mission that lasted 11 days, 1 hour, and 51 minutes, ending at 2:45 PM EST on April 27.
April 12, 1981: STS-1 Columbia, the first Space Shuttle, is launched at Cape Kennedy, Florida.
Columbia orbited Earth 37 times during it’s 54.5-hour mission carrying a two man crew - mission commander John W. Young and pilot Robert L. Crippen. The ultimate launch date of STS-1 fell on the 20th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s Vostok 1, the first manned spaceflight.
IMAX cameras filmed the launch, landing, and mission control during the flight, for the 1982 film entitled Hail Columbia!